The Fig Fruit

Figs have been a basic part of human nutrition for the last 3,000 years. The fig fruit was an article of first necessity for ancient Mediterranean civilizations and an integral part of their diet, occasionally substituting even bread.

It has been the favourite fruit and a basic element of Greek nutrition since ancient times, since it comprised the basic nourishment for Olympic Games’ athletes, but at the same time, it was connected to the worship of Dionysus, Dimitra and the hellenic "feast of Pythagorea".

The fig fruit, besides being nourishing was also a symbolic fruit as it symbolized prosperity, fertility, knowledge and unity.

In ancient Athens, figs were ranked first in preference, and, of course, first in cultivation. Their export was strictly prohibited and a penalty was imposed on those who exported them illegally.

The ones who accused an infringer of this kind received a reward and were named "detractors". Later on, nevertheless, this adjective took the negative meaning of slanderer.

The fig fruit occupies an equally special place in Mythology, but also, later, in the Turkish Occupation Era.