In Ancient Greece, the fig tree was considered to be a sacred tree. According to history, one of the main reasons which forced the Persian king Xerxis to attempt to concur Greece were its famous figs, especially Attica figs.
Homer is reciting Ulysses, who, in order to convince his father Laertis that he was his true son, reminded him of the fact that he had received from him "forty figs".
In the years 1930 - 1935 the fig tree cultivation boom takes place, in Southern Peloponnese region, where export of dried figs to the European countries and to the United States takes place. At this era, fig production plants existed in 6 communities of the prefecture Messinia.
In the years to follow, the cultivation of the fig tree was rather slowly being replaced by that of the olive tree. Due to the above fact, combined with the rather adverse climate conditions which prevailed and the migration by the rural population to urban centers, lead to a decrease of the production.